How to Improve Education System
With India being a colonized state and under British rule for almost 200 years, India’s literacy rate was in a record low and showed no signs of improvement like in almost every other field. This rule being in the age of industrialization denied India the change in its structure which the world was having at that point.
By the time India got her freedom in 1947, the race of advancement towards a modern developed world had already started and India had started late. From only a 12% literacy rate in 1947, India today has more than 75% literacy, as of 2018. This has been possible because of the steps that are taken by the government has taken since Independence and are being taken with the advancement of time in accordance with the needs of the country.
It is true that in recent years they have been able to bring more and more students in the arena of education. However, still, four of ten Indian people are illiterate according to a report of UNESCO.
India has made progress in increasing the attainment rate of primary education. In 2011, Approximately 75% of the population, aged between 7 and 10 years, was literate. India’s improved education system is often cited as one of the main contributors to its economic development.
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE) is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 4 August 2009, which describes the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children between the age of 6 to 14 years in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution. India became one of 135 countries to make education a fundamental right of every child when the act came into force on 1 April 2010.
Establishment of New Schools and various other policies
Study in a private school is much more expensive and often the poor students can not avail of this facility. The students had to go miles after miles to reach their schools in rural areas which created a lot of problems. However, in recent years the Government has established more and more schools in various rural areas and the problem is solved to a great extent.
But still, there are many remote villages who are far away from the light of education and the central and state governments are trying hard to reach every nook and corner of the country. The government has also introduced policies like Mid-day meals, scholarships and various other forms of consideration to attract the kids to school and make the parents send their kids to get themselves educated.