How to improve Indian education system
With India being a colonized state and under British rule for almost 200 years, India’s literacy rate was in a record low and showed no signs of improvement like in almost every other field. This rule being in the age of industrialization denied India the change in its structure which the world was having at that point.
By the time India got her freedom in 1947, the race of advancement towards a modern developed world had already started and India had started late. From only a 12% literacy rate in 1947, India today has more than 75% literacy, as of 2018. In spite of all that, India has kept on producing genius brains and academic leaders time and time again.
From being the CEO of the largest technology company like Microsoft to being the CEO of the American food and beverage giant – PepsiCo Indians are now leading the world to the next and probably generation. With all this in hand, one cannot deny the contribution of the Indian education system in their achievements. Still, this does not give us enough reason to ignore the education system’s drawbacks.
At the same time, it will be quite unfair to fixate on the problems and not look for solutions to correct the negative sides and improve the system and thus the country as a whole. But for now, the top 3 sections of the Indian education system that needs immediate attention to correct itself from the grass-root level are :
Educating parents about their child’s education
Education starts at home. The very idea of educating parents about a child’s education does not necessarily mean dragging the parents of the wards to school for class lessons, for that might be helpful for the first generation learners; it might prove redundant for others.
What this idea means is that the parents should be ‘educated’ about the idea of education and should understand that education is about gaining knowledge and learning and it is not a competition or a target that needs to be achieved. In almost every Indian home, parents drive their children towards excellence and are put in a high-pressure environment to force them to study.
Kids are forced to study against their own will and scoring marks become a headache for the parents, more than that of the students. This often discourages students to study at all and often create psychological issues in the minds of the students. Furthermore, The parents choose their kid’s career and project their own wishes and career choices on them, not considering what the kids want to be, which later on produces a mediocre career life of the student or even failure.
So, the parents MUST be educated about different career options that are available in today’s time and also should be made to realize their kid’s skillsets based on which their kids can choose their own successful career path.
Proper Teacher Training
The second and the most basic step to improve an education system is, improving the teaching faculty. The teachers in the education system should be given proper training and guidance. The teachers should only be chosen based on their merit and skill and not any other factors. Also, teachers should not be selected based only on the marks they scored as a student, for a good student does not necessarily mean that he or she can be a good teacher.
Mediocrity and inadequate efforts in teaching should not be tolerated. For all that to happen, the proper selection method should be chosen and also periodic training of teachers should also be organized. The teachers should be encouraged to teach and their efforts should be appreciated and for that their pay scale should reflect the importance of their work in society.
Skill-based and personalized learning
Every student is different. Every student has their own skillset and every student is not meant to do everything. This system of ‘one size fits all’ is disastrous and has been proven disastrous since the day it has been established, for not only does it ruin creativity and discourage new ideas it also hampers a child’s mental health and burden him with unnecessary workload and information that he makes no use of in his future.
The assembly line education system produces assembly line workers. Yes, it is important to have basic information on every topic around the world, but it is not compulsory to excel in all of them. The education ministry and the government can and should find a way to stress on specialization from the very early stages based on the student’s choices and skill set, prioritized accordingly.
Along with that, the teachers must understand that every student has a different pace and rhythm of understanding and the teachers must cater to those needs and not pressurize all the students to be on the standard set by the system. Then and only then can a student excel in their subjects and then, in turn, be successful in their career and lead a happy life.